12 recomendaciones de Gerencia Agrícola para sus fincas en Venezuela, por Gerardo Mendoza

Si es cierto que la situación del país es apremiante, crítica y sorpresivamente incontrolable, también es cierto que los negocios de producción de alimentos en cualquier eslabón de la cadena alimenticia se sostienen por sí mismos y con cierto grado de éxito cuando el resto de la economía apremia.

Gerardo Mendoza*

 

Es necesario cuidar el negocio que hoy nos mantiene y que podría no estar en nuestras manos por infortunios políticos en cualquier momento si nos equivocamos.

 

He aquí 12 tips que pueden ayudar en la gerencia de sus fincas en Venezuela:

 

1.- VIGILAR LAS VENTAS DE GANADO EN TODAS LAS ÁREAS INVOLUCRADAS. No vender hembras sanas. Tratar de vender solo hembras que sean de descarte o desecho, solo se debe disponer de los machos para atender las emergencias. Cada venta de machos debería ser de toros a matadero, o al menos de machos del mayor peso del rebaño. Siempre y cuando exista espacio de pastoreo. Si posible diseñar reportes de conceptualización y detalle de las ventas. Control sobre las ventas desde el obrero al gerente es protección del patrimonio futuro.

 

2.- INTEGRAR AL PERSONAL ADMINISTRATIVO CON EL DE CAMPO. Se siente siempre en toda finca un ambiente de divorcio entre oficinas urbanas y las fincas. Ambos, gerentes de campo y gerentes de administración deben promover armonía y compenetración. Ninguno de los dos podrá nunca hacer bien su trabajo si esto no se logra.

 

3.- NO MOVILIZAR GANADO ENTRE LAS FINCAS SIN PLANES CLAROS A MEDIANO PLAZO. Debe planificarse bien el movimiento para evitar sobrevenidos costos de transporte y estrés animal innecesario.

 

4.- DECRETAR LA LEY O POLÍTICA INTERNA DE GUÍA-FACTURA. Todo animal que entre debe tener guía y factura, todo animal que salga debe tener guía y factura y toda leche que se despache debe irse con factura desde la vaquera si es posible. Esto permite a la administración trabajar en tiempo real la contabilidad. Hoy día en 2016 siglo 21, el que no factura es porque no quiere. Con una ley de costos y precios justos, con una ley orgánica contra el crimen y la delincuencia organizada, creo que no facturar es abrir una herida de difícil cura.

 

5.- MANTENER ORDEN EN LA INFORMACIÓN REPORTADA DE GANADERÍA A CONTABILIDAD Y AUDITORIA, VIGILAR EL ORDEN DE LOS REPORTES DESDE LA FINCA A LA OFICINA. Simplificarlos y hacerlos en lenguaje llano y sencillo es un buen comienzo.

 

6.- CONCIENTIZAR A TODO EL PERSONAL CORPORATIVO DE CUALQUIER FORMA EXPLICÁNDOLES QUE SU PAGA SALE DEL CAMPO. Nunca ha sido mejor motivado un ser humano que cuando se le habla claro, se le involucra y se le toma en cuenta, que mejor mensaje que hacerlo sentir responsable de la seguridad alimentaria de los suyos y del país.

 

7.- MANTENER POLÍTICAS DE TOMAS FÍSICAS DE INVENTARIO, PARCIALES O TOTALES, PERO PERIÓDICAS. Sin aviso y sin rutinas. Evitando también estresar las reses.

 

8.- ENDEUDAR CADA AÑO LA EMPRESA. El umbral de endeudamiento debe ser vigilado, aprovechado. Siempre invirtiendo todo en activos productivos o de ahorro protegido. No endeudarse al 13% anual es desperdiciar una proporción importante de patrimonio en el valor presente neto. No deje que su hipoteca se mantenga si la deuda ha bajado, siga endeudándose e invirtiendo, el mejor ahorro es una deuda en bolívares protegida por bienes patrimoniales.

 

9.- PREPARAR AL PERSONAL Y GERENTES. ALEJE AL PERSONAL DEL COMERCIO INFORMAL.  Especializarlo, entrenarlo y formarlo. En tiempos de crisis y escasez hay pocas opciones de esparcimiento, el estudio es una buena opción para alejar el personal del comercio informal y actividades no relacionadas al objetivo del negocio. Bien sea por preparación In Company controlada o con ayudas de estudio pagadas condicionada a resultados. Mantenga su personal ocupado siempre.

 

10.- SUMAR BUENAS RELACIONES CON VECINOS, PROVEEDORES Y CLIENTES. No solo el trabajador es un apoyo incondicional a la empresa, también lo son los terceros cercanos, quienes a la hora difícil podrían ser la última línea de defensa en un rescate, expropiación o pillaje.

 

11.- MANTENER SUS ACTITUDES EN PRO DEL MEDIOAMBIENTE, REFORESTAR, SEMBRAR, CUIDAR, SI NO LAS TENÍA, INÍCIELAS.  La finca podría dejar de ser su trabajo para convertirse en su modo de vida en cualquier momento, si ya no lo es.

 

12.- MANTENER UN PERFIL BAJO, ACUDA A LA SENCILLEZ.  Aléjese de la publicidad, de las subastas, de las ferias, evite señalización ostentosa, promueva señalización apenas necesaria, no haga rutinas, evite parecer muy distinto a sus trabajadores. Confíe en su gente, siéntese a comer con ellos, trátelos como iguales, preocúpese por la salud de sus trabajadores más allá del dinero, son personas como usted, cualquiera de ellas podría salvarle la vida en cualquier momento.

Licdo. AEA. Gerardo Mendoza D. (Esp, MSc.).
Director General AGROINFORMATICA, C.A. – AGROTRIBUTOS, C.A.

 

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